The Use of color is quite important in designing the immediate environment of children with autism spectrum disorder. Researchers have revealed that children with autism spectrum disorder have anomalies in their eye structure. The rod and cone cells experience changes due to chemical imbalances and neural deficits. Studies have revealed that 85% of the children in this spectrum perceive colors more intensely in comparison to children displaying normal development. Duller colors with white and gray undertones have a calming effect on children in this spectrum. Pale pink has been nominated as the favorite color for children with autism in the tests conducted. Moreover, cool colors such as blue and green also have a calming and soothing effect. Primary and bright colors must only be limited to the toys in their rooms. The slightest change implemented in the child’s room, such as changing the intensity or brightness of color could have a negative effect. Although colors like orange, yellow, and red could feel warm to a normally developing child, red could lead to tantrums and even pain associated with certain parts of the body, while white could feel depressive, excessively bright and tiring on the eyes of a child in this spectrum; and if you are aware of the implications of colors you will be able to rearrange the living space in which your child spends most of his time.
Learning disabilities can lead to active behavioral and impulse problems in some children, while leading to calmer and more introverted behavior in others. Therefore, if your child is introverted you can take advantage of colors such as yellow, orange and purple that will improve energy levels and attention and enhance learning. If your child’s energy level is already high, instead of stimulating colors you could favor calming ones such as blue and green, similar to the way hyperactive children are treated.
Scientific studies have shown that children with attention deficiency hyperactivity have a functional and anatomical deficiency in their retinas and consequently experience difficulties with yellow, blue, red and green wave lengths. White walls may lead to higher levels of anxiety as they appear cold and hard. Due to the fact that red is a high-energy color it may increase blood pressure and pulse rate in a hyperactive child, causing him to be more active and tense. It may also lead to an increase in appetite. Using natural colors with hyperactive and high-anxiety children could reduce their tension. Shades of blue may calm their pulse down as well as their breathing. As such, their appetites can also be controlled. These colors have a calming effect and as such they encourage concentration. Color causes a bio-chemical reaction in the brain. Due to the fact that children with hyperactivity and learning deficiency have chemical deficiencies in their brains, it is important to determine the colors that will lead to the desired reaction where they are concerned. Using pale and pastel colors, hues of blue and green and staying away from warm primary colors like red and yellow and using them only in small accessories to the extent possible can yield positive results.